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S1AP View of LTE Attach and EPS Bearer Setup

This sequence diagram looks at LTE Attach and EPS Bearer Setup from the S1AP vantage point. The following signaling is covered:

  1. UE Attach, authentication and security signaling
  2. Setup of two EPS Bearers (RAB id 5 and 6)
  3. Release of UE context due to inactivity
  4. Reestablishment of the UE context with a Service Request.

You can click on individual messages in the sequence diagram to see field level details.

Click to see the "S1AP View of LTE Attach & EPS Bearer Setup"  sequence diagram

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Long Term Evolution (LTE) Tutorials

Here are a few hand picked links to LTE tutorials. Click here for the complete list.

LTE video tutorial

LTE video presentations

LTE physical layer

OFDM and SC-FDMA Signal Chains

LTE link layer design

data flow through PDCP, RLC, MAC and PHY layers of LTE

This article describes the LTE link-layer protocols, which abstract the physical layer and adapt its characteristics to match the requirements of higher layer protocols.The LTE link-layer protocols are optimized for low delay and low overhead and are simpler than their counterparts in UTRAN. The state -of-the-art LTE protocol design is the result of a careful crosslayer approach where the protocols interact with each other efficiently. This article provides a thorough overview of this protocol stack, including the sub-layers and corresponding interactions in between them, in a manner that is more intuitive than in the respective 3GPP specifications.

Introduction to LTE Architecture

This article provides an overview of the LTE radio interface, together with a more in-depth description of its features such as spectrum flexibility, multi-antenna transmission, and inter-cell interference control. The performance of LTE and some of its key features is illustrated with simulation results.

This article provides a high-level overview of LTE and some of its key components: spectrum flexibility, multi-antenna transmission, and ICIC. Numerical simulations are used to show the performance of the first release of LTE, as well as assess the benefit of the key features. Indeed these contribute strongly to LTE meeting its performance targets. An outlook of the evolution of LTE toward LTE-Advanced and full IMT-Advanced capabilities complete the article. Clearly, LTE offers highly competitive performance and provides a good foundation for further evolution.

LTE Protocol Stack

Click here for a more LTE tutorials that cover the entire spectrum of LTE development.

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LTE Attach and Default Bearer Setup Sequence Diagram

LTE Attach and Default Bearer Setup

Click to open the PDF sequence diagram describing LTE attach and default bearer setup

This call flow describes the signaling involved in LTE attach and default bearer setup. The sequence diagram covers the following phases:

  1. Random Access Procedure: The UE uses a slotted aloha procedure to access the eNodeB. The UE sends a preamble on a random access channel, the network replies with corrected timing and resource assignments.
  2. RRC Connection Establishment: The UE and the eNodeB then interact to establish a Signaling Radio Bearer (SRB). The SRB will be used for the signaling between the eNodeB and the UE.
  3. Attach and Authentication: The UE now registers with the Core Network. Session contexts are setup at the MME and the Serving Gateway. This step also results in the authentication of the UE and the Network.
  4. Default Radio Bearer Setup: Finally, the default bearer for data transfer is established. Default bearer session is established at the UE, eNodeB, MME, Serving GW and PDN Gateway. User data sessions is exchanged once the default bearer is setup.

The sequence diagram also contains links to access further details about the messages. Click on the messages with blue title for details about the message.

RRC Connection, LTE Attach and Default Radio Bearer Setup



LTE Attach and Default Bearer Setup

LTE reduces the latency in attach and PDP context activation. Attach and default bearer context setup take place almost in parallel.

The parallel procedures result in more complicated signaling messages. The messages involved in these procedures are explained here.


LTE Attach and Default Bearer Setup